3 Ways to Protect Yourself in Extreme Heat
The heat is on in Texas and American Light & Power shares how to protect yourself and your loved ones in this extreme heat. Here are the three things you can do to minimize the chance of heat related illness:
1. STAY COOL
- Wear light and loose fitting clothing
- Stay indoors in air-conditioning as much as you can. If your home does not have AC, visit a public place like a library or shopping mall.
- Limit outdoor activity in the hottest part of the day. If possible exercise in the early morning or late evening. For those who work outdoors, OSHA has helpful guidelines you can follow.
- DO NOT leave children or pets in the car, even for 1 minute.
2. STAY HYDRATED
- Drinking plenty of fluids is critical
- Replace salt and minerals
- Keep your pets hydrated too!
3. STAY INFORMED
- Check local news for extreme heat notifictions, locations of cooling centers, and more.
- Learn the signs of heat illness (see SAFETY below) and know how to help someone who may be ill.
- Check on those who are vulnerable to the heat, especially the elderly and children.
Extreme heat can pose a serious health concern to both humans and animals. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are more heat related deaths each year than those caused by hurricanes, lightning, tornadoes, earthquakes, and floods combined! It is important to protect yourself, your family, and your pets from the dangers of extreme heat by taking precautionary measures before and during a heat event.
READY.gov provides comprehensive information on extreme heat, but we wanted to share the tips on how to recognize signs of heat illness and how to respond:
- HEAT CRAMPS
- Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in the stomach, arms, or legs
- Actions: Go to a cooler location. Remove excess clothing. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if cramps last more than an hour.
- HEAT EXHAUSTION
- Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, or fainting
- Actions: Go to an air-conditioned place and lie down. Loosen or remove clothing. Take a cool bath. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Get medical help if symptoms get worse or last more than an hour.
- HEAT STROKE
- Signs: Extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees) taken orally; red, hot, and dry skin with no sweat; rapid, strong pulse; dizziness; confusion; or unconsciousness
Actions: Call 911 or get the person to a hospital immediately. Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives.
So keep cool Texas, and summer on!